1. According to the first article, which of the following accounts for the most abundant tissue in the body:
2. The author states that muscle protein synthesis peaks about ______ after amino acid ingestion, before rapidly declining.
3. High-quality proteins that contain all essential amino acids include all of the following, EXCEPT:
4. Ingesting about how much high-quality protein should provide a maximal protein stimulus for healthy adults at rest, according to the article?
5. The article states that compared to young individuals, older persons may require _____ amount(s) of protein following exercise to maximally stimulate muscle protein synthesis.
6. Recent research has shown that when compared to a single protein source of whey, which of the following protein sources may increase the circulating amino acids and post-exercise muscle protein synthesis and therefore promote a more prolonged anabolic environment for skeletal muscle?
7. According to the article on sarcopenia, what is considered the most effective treatment to stimulate muscle hypertrophy, increase strength, and improve physical performance in older adults?
8. How does the article explain the concept of “anabolic resistance”?
9. Observational data, cited in the article, show that dietary protein intake is ________ associated with loss of lean mass and a(n) _________ risk of frailty.
10. The latest recommendations for optimal protein intake state that in order to maintain physical function, older individuals should aim for a daily range of:
11. The authors state that low levels of vitamin ____ have been associated with increased risk of sarcopenia.
12. The handout lists a “reasonable” snack as approximately _____ calories with adequate ________ included.