1. According to the article, breeding problems in Australian sheep were theorized to have been caused by their feed of isoflavones-rich clover. What is the stated correlation to a soy-rich diet in humans?
2. The research study performed by Cassidy et al. suggests that the reason for increased menstrual cycle length with increased isoflavones consumption is due to surges in all of the following, EXCEPT:
3. All of the following were cited by the article as rationale for the speculation that soy may decrease the likelihood of pregnancy, EXCEPT:
4. The Japanese observational study that was cited in the article found that among the study population:
5. The U.S. observational study that was reviewed in the article concluded that urinary levels of individual isoflavones ________ menstrual cycle length (after adjusting for confounders).
6. The prospective cohort study that included bisphenol A (BPA) as a possible endocrine disruptor related to fertility concluded that:
7. The article suggests that the idea of soy feminizing men was, in large part, due to a single case report. It was reported that the amount of isoflavones that this older man consumed was approximately ____ times the typical Japanese intake.
8. The reported meta-analysis of clinical studies related to male fertility found statistically significant effects of isoflavone exposure on circulating levels of all of the following, EXCEPT: .
9. The article reported that a follow-up study regarding couples undergoing infertility treatment with in vitro fertilization found that the male partner’s intake of soyfoods and soy isoflavones _______ fertilization rates and live births.
10. According to the article, a case report regarding isoflavone supplementation in a male with low sperm concentrations suggested that:
11. According to the “Healthy Handout”, ____% of non-pregnant U.S. women ages 15-49 years have iron deficiency.
12. The “Healthy Handout” states that a statistical analysis of 41 studies suggests a link between multivitamin use and reduced risk of: